Thanksgiving is a national holiday celebrated on various dates in the United States, Canada, Grenada, Saint Lucia, and Liberia. It began as a day of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year. Similarly named festival holidays occur in Germany and Japan. Thanksgiving is celebrated on the second Monday of October in Canada and on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States and around the same part of the year in other places. Although Thanksgiving has historical roots in religious and cultural traditions, it has long been celebrated as a secular holiday as well.
Thanksgiving is associated with seasonal festivals often celebrated in Europe since ancient times. In English tradition, Thanksgiving Day and the religious rite of thanksgiving became especially important during the Protestant Reformation in England during the reign of King Henry VIII.
In North America, the festival was first celebrated in Newfoundland by Martin Frobisher and the Frobisher Expedition in 1578, to give thanks to God for surviving the long and stormy journey from England. Another festival was held on December 4, 1619, when 38 settlers from the Berkeley diocese disembarked in Virginia and gave thanks to God.
Before that, however, there was also information about a Thanksgiving party organized by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (with a group of Teya Indians) on May 23, 1541 in Texas, to celebrate their discovery of food. Some say it was the first true Thanksgiving celebration in North America. A similar event occurred a quarter of a century later, on September 8, 1565 in St. Augustine, Florida when Pedro Menéndez de Avilés meets land; he and the people on the boat organized a party with the locals.
Around the 16th-17th centuries, a number of Catholics and Puritans in England were forced to convert by the then emperor to his religion, during the Protestant Reformation. These people did not accept and were imprisoned. After holding them for a while the emperor passed them on and asked again, they still refused to convert. The emperor no longer put them in prison, but told them that if they did not follow his terms they would have to leave England.
These people left England to live in the Netherlands, but they soon realized that they could not fit in this place and fear that their descendants would lose their roots, some groups left the Netherlands for the New World. Americas) inhabited, and later became known as the Pilgrims. These people sailed on a boat called the Mayflower, they arrived at the Plymouth Colony in New England during the winter. Hungry and cold, half of them did not survive the harsh winter. In the spring, they were fortunate to meet kind Indians and give them some food. The Indians taught them how to survive in this land such as how to grow crops, hunt, etc. When the Pilgrims were able to fend for themselves, they held a party to thank God for allowed them to live to this day, they invited the Indians to eat and drink together. Since then, every year the descendants of the Pilgrims have held a thanksgiving ceremony to give thanks for the good things that have come to life.
According to the document, the first Thanksgiving in the United States, held by the Pilgrims, was in 1621 in Plymouth Colony, in present-day Massachusetts, after a good harvest.
Thanksgiving is usually celebrated with a dinner party with family and friends over turkey. In Canada and the United States, it is an important day for families to get together, and people often travel long distances to be with their families. People usually get four days off for this holiday in the United States: they get off work or school on Thursdays and Fridays of that week. Thanksgiving is often celebrated at home, as opposed to Independence Day or Christmas, holidays where there are many public celebrations (such as fireworks or promenade). In Canada, it’s a three-day weekend, usually on the second Monday of October each year.
In the United States, it is customary to remember a meal held in 1621 between the Wampanoag Indians and the Pilgrim group who had migrated to Massachusetts. Thanksgiving was practiced primarily by religious leaders in New England until 1682, and then by both government and religious leaders until after the American Revolution. U.S. President George Washington proclaimed the first national Thanksgiving in the United States on November 26, 1789, “as a day of public thanksgiving and prayer by grateful recognition of grace and faith.” good sign of Almighty God”. Much of the story is legendary, coined in the 1890s and early 20th century to create an expression of national unity after the American Civil War and to assimilate immigrants.
In Canada, Thanksgiving is a three-day weekend. While Thanksgiving Day falls on a Monday, Canadians can feast on any day of that three weekend. This often leads to eating a feast with one group of people one day, then another the day before.
Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade in New York, 1979
From the late 1930s, the Christmas shopping season in the United States officially began when Thanksgiving Day ended. In New York City, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held annually on this day in Manhattan. Parades often feature multiple stands with a variety of themes, including large balloons of TV characters and bands from high schools. This parade always ends with a Santa Claus. There are other parades in many other cities.
While the Friday (also known as Black Friday) after Thanksgiving is the busiest shopping day of the year in the United States, many stores have begun welcoming customers with holiday merchandise right after Halloween. .
American football is often an important part of Thanksgiving in the United States as well as in Canada. Professional teams often compete against each other on this day so that spectators can watch on television. In addition, many high school and college soccer teams play against each other that weekend, often with longtime rivals.